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Ryke Yse Øyane

Map Ryke Yse Øyane

Click here for a pan­or­amic tour of Ryke Yse­øya­ne.

Gene­ral: Small group of island which, in a wider sen­se, belongs to the Tus­enøya­ne, at least geo­lo­gi­cal­ly and land­s­cape-wise. Rare­ly visi­ted becau­se of the dif­fi­cult ice con­di­ti­ons and becau­se, well, they are only a few of very small, very remo­te islands – but this is also what makes them attrac­ti­ve, in a way, if you ask me. Their land area is only a few km2. The Ryke Yse Øya­ne were pro­bab­ly namend after a Dut­ch wha­ling Cap­tain of the 17 cen­tu­ry and are now part of the Sou­the­ast Sval­bard Natu­re Reser­ve.

For more, detail­ed infor­ma­ti­on: the Gui­de­book Spits­ber­gen-Sval­bard

Guidebook Spitsbergen-Svalbard

Vegetation, Ryke Yse Øyane

Moss tun­dra and litt­le lake, a typi­cal set­ting for the Tus­enøya­ne, to which Ryke Yse Øya­ne belong in a wider sen­se. The moss tun­dra is very vul­nerable to ero­si­on – try to walk around it or step on rocks. Near such lakes, you can often see Grey Phalar­o­pes or Red-throated divers (keep your distance espe­cial­ly from the lat­ter ones, other­wi­se you will sca­re them off their nest).

Geo­lo­gy: Simi­lar­ly as Tus­enøya­ne, do the Ryke Yse Øya­ne ent­i­re­ly con­sist of dolerite/diabas (basi­cal­ly to words for the same type of rocks, which is simi­lar to basalt), which intru­ded in the upper Juras­sic and Cret­ace­ous. The sur­roun­ding rocks, into which they intru­ded, have been remo­ved by ero­si­on sin­ce then. This is the same sto­ry as with the islands in the Hin­lo­pen Strait or many other pla­ces in Edge- and Bar­entsøya and other ones. All other rocks on the Ryke Yse Øya­ne would be an erra­tic boul­der (gla­cier depo­sits from ice age gla­ciers).

Recom­men­ded book for fur­ther, well-digesta­ble (real­ly!) info about geo­lo­gy and land­s­cape of Sval­bard.

Land­s­cape: Small, rocky, low-lying islands without gla­ciers or per­ma­nent snow-fiel­ds. The­re are a few small tun­dra lakes. Rocks and small cliffs make lan­dings with small boats a bit tri­cky.

Flo­ra and Fau­na: High arc­tic. Part­ly rocky and bar­ren, whe­re­as the­re is a sur­pri­sin­gly rich moss tun­dra in pla­ces. The mos­ses are very vul­nerable – try to stay out­side or to step on rocks as much as pos­si­ble! The­re are several small sweet­wa­ter ponds, which are good bree­ding habi­tats for Red-throated divers. The­se are easi­ly dis­tur­bed at their nests, plea­se keep a good distance. Other than that, the­re can be geese, Com­mon Eider ducks, Grey phalar­o­pes etc.

Histo­ry: Rare­ly visi­ted. Older histo­ry (wha­lers, Pomors, trap­pers, others?) is unknown. In 1868-70, two Nor­we­gi­an trappers/adventurers win­te­red here twice, the second win­ter was not plan­ned, but the ship which should pick them up, could not get through the ice. One of them disap­peared during the second win­ter.

Hut on Ryke Yse Øyane

Hut on Ryke Yse Øya­ne.



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last modification: 2019-02-01 · copyright: Rolf Stange