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Home* News and Stories → Cli­ma­te chan­ge in and around Spits­ber­gen

Cli­ma­te chan­ge in and around Spits­ber­gen

Ever­y­bo­dy is tal­king about cli­ma­te chan­ge in the arc­tic, but what is actual­ly going on? The Nor­we­gi­an Polar Insti­tu­te, through its MOSJ-pro­ject (envi­ron­men­tal moni­to­ring of Sval­bard and Jan May­en), has gathe­red a ran­ge of data that make it qui­te clear that acce­le­ra­ting cli­ma­te chan­ge is a mea­sura­ble fact: the tem­pe­ra­tu­re has a ten­den­cy to incre­a­se during most of the 20th cen­tu­ry, with a mar­ked and still incre­a­sing acce­le­ra­ti­on in recent years. Pre­ci­pi­ta­ti­on is fol­lowing, alt­hough the trend is less pro­noun­ced and clear here.

The sea ice has decre­a­sed by 35-40 % (area; refer­ring to maxi­mum dis­tri­bu­ti­on in April) from 1979 to 2009, and it is get­ting thin­ner: from 1.20 meters (1966) to 0,80 meters (2006) around Hopen island. Tem­pe­ra­tures at the top level of the per­ma­frost are by now incre­a­sing as fast as 1°C per deca­de, and gla­ciers around Ny Åle­sund have lost 15 meters of average thic­kness, also here with a stron­gly acce­le­ra­ting ten­den­cy in recent years.

Polar bear in open drift ice: sym­bol of cli­ma­te chan­ge

Climate change in and around Spitsbergen

Source: MOSJ (Mil­jøo­ver­vå­king på Sval­bard og Jan May­en), Nor­we­gi­an Polar Insti­tu­te

By the way, my new book is in print and it can now be orde­red 🙂 it is a pho­to book with the tit­le “Nor­we­gens ark­ti­scher Nor­den (3): Die Bären­in­sel und Jan May­en”, with Ger­man text Click here for fur­ther details!



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last modification: 2014-07-01 · copyright: Rolf Stange