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Monthly Archives: March 2016 − News

Ear­th­qua­ke in Lon­gye­ar­by­en

The­re was an ear­th­qua­ke yes­ter­day (Tues­day, 29th March) in Spits­ber­gen that was clear­ly felt in Lon­gye­ar­by­en. At 1231 hours, houses were shaken and a loud rum­ble was heard and felt. Some thought of an avalan­che or a small avalan­che from the roof of their house. In some cases, fur­ni­tu­re moved up to 30 cm and pla­tes were chat­te­ring in shel­ves and on tables.

Many peop­le were initi­al­ly afraid, which is under­stand­a­ble con­si­de­ring that Lon­gye­ar­by­en has felt the dest­ruc­ti­ve powers of natu­re qui­te recent­ly during the avalan­che befo­re Christ­mas. Peop­le in the admi­nis­tra­ti­on buil­ding (Nærings­by­g­get), oppo­si­te the post office, spon­ta­ne­ous­ly deci­ded to evacua­te for some minu­tes. The ear­th­qua­ke was also clear­ly felt in Bar­ents­burg. No dama­ge occur­red any­whe­re as far as known.

The epi­cent­re is in Storfjord, west of Edgeøya. The hypo­cent­re (epi­cent­re with fixed ver­ti­cal posi­ti­on) is assu­med to be at 10 km depth. The ear­th­qua­ke reached 5.3 on Richter’s sca­le, making it strong enough to poten­ti­al­ly cau­se dama­ge, but far from the dest­ruc­ti­ve for­ce that turns cities into ashes or cau­ses Tsu­na­mis else­whe­re in the world.

The­re are acti­ve faults (lar­ge cracks in the crust) in Storfjord which are fre­quent­ly causing ear­th­qua­kes. Recent ones were noti­ced in 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2014, the stron­gest one being the one from Febru­a­ry 2008, which reached a remar­kab­le 6.2 on Richter’s sca­le. In addi­ti­on comes a lar­ge num­ber of ear­th­qua­kes that is recor­ded by seis­mic instru­ments, but not noti­ced in public.

This is what the ear­th­qua­ke on Tues­day loo­ked like. (Serious­ly: this is of cour­se a fake image, com­po­sed of several frames taken out of one pho­to.)

Earthquake Longyearbyen

Source: Sval­bard­pos­ten

spitsbergen-svalbard.com Eas­ter brain­tea­ser

Amend­ment: May­be it is more dif­fi­cult than I had thought? A hint: the key is in the pho­to and not in the cap­ti­on.

The second Eas­ter brain­tea­ser on spitsbergen-svalbard.com. Yes! The pho­to below was taken long time ago by an unknown pho­to­gra­pher and used in a news­pa­per arti­cle, that does not exist any­mo­re, other than this pho­to. Name and date of the publi­ca­ti­on are also unknown. But that does not mat­ter!

The cap­ti­on indi­ca­tes that this pho­to was publis­hed at a time when sov­er­eig­n­ty and land ten­u­re were still uncer­tain, but the coal occur­ren­ces were well known. This sets the time frame into the ear­ly 20th cen­tu­ry, about 100 years back. This is also what the arti­cle must have been about: coal and sov­er­eig­n­ty. The cap­ti­on is as fol­lows (trans­la­ti­on of the Ger­man ori­gi­nal text)

“Pic­tu­re of the har­bour of Spits­ber­gen, which the Rus­si­ans want to pos­sess as a coal mine.

The Spits­ber­gen archi­pe­la­go, stret­ching from 76° to 80° nort­hern lati­tu­de, is very rich in coal. The desi­re of the Rus­si­ans to estab­lish a coal mine the­re is stron­gly oppo­sed espe­cial­ly by the Scan­di­na­vi­an coun­tries.”

The ques­ti­on is: whe­re exact­ly was the pho­to taken?

Click here for a lar­ger ver­si­on of the image.

The pri­ces will be drawn amongst all sen­ders of cor­rect ans­wers. The win­ner will have one free choice from the books (or calen­dar or post­cards) here on spitsbergen-svalbard.com – see right side or click here to see the choice. Sen­ders of right ans­wers no. 2 and 3 will have one free choice each amongst the post­cards or the calen­dar. Click here for con­ta­ct details to send your ans­wer.

Clo­sing date is Sunday, 03 April 2016, 2400 hours.

Good luck and have fun – hap­py Eas­ter!

Whe­re is this?

spitsbergen-svalbard.com Easter brainteaser: where is this?

Small print: col­leagues such as expe­di­ti­on lea­ders, gui­des and crew mem­bers are exclu­ded from the drawing for pri­ces. You can, of cour­se, send your ans­wers, but the pri­ces will go to peop­le who are not (semi)professionally invol­ved with tra­ve­ling Spits­ber­gen.

The ans­wer has to be cor­rect and con­cre­te. Ever­ything that is not wrong is cor­rect, unless it is wrong. I (Rolf Stan­ge) deci­de if it is cor­rect and con­cre­te (someo­ne has to do it). It is not enough to wri­te that it is in Spits­ber­gen. This would be cor­rect, but not con­cre­te.

Rail­way loco­mo­ti­ve from Ny Åle­sund under res­to­ra­ti­on

The famous rail­way loco­mo­ti­ve from Ny Åle­sund is one of Spitsbergen’s most fre­quent­ly pho­to­gra­phed attrac­tions. No sur­pri­se, as the this inte­res­ting bit of local histo­ry is pic­tures­que­ly pla­ced with moun­tains and gla­ciers in the back­ground and next to a road whe­re thousands of crui­se ship tou­rists are wal­king each sum­mer.

Time and wea­ther have, howe­ver, been nag­ging con­stant­ly, threa­tening to des­troy this famous bit of machine­ry fore­ver. To pre­vent this, it is now in Nor­way for res­to­ra­ti­on. In Janu­a­ry, it went from Ny Åle­sund to Trom­sø on a ship and then from the­re on the road through Swe­den to Sør­umsand near Oslo. The­re, it will be taken care of by rail­way enthu­si­asts who have built up expe­ri­ence and repu­ta­ti­on with other his­to­ri­cal rail­way pro­jects. It is esti­ma­ted that the Ny Åle­sund loco­mo­ti­ve will need 300 work hours and 500.000 NOK (near 40.000 Euro) to get back to shape. After res­to­ra­ti­on is com­ple­ted, it will be be trans­fer­red back home to Ny Åle­sund. It is uncer­tain when this can be expec­ted. May­be tou­rists will see the famous coal train in Ny Åle­sund without the loco­mo­ti­ve this sum­mer.

The loco­mo­ti­ve is 107 years old and 8 tons hea­vy. It came to Ny Åle­sund in 1917 and was used for coal trans­por­ta­ti­on from the mine to the har­bour into the 1950s. It was res­to­red once on loca­ti­on in 1982. Plan­ning for the cur­rent res­to­ra­ti­on pro­ject star­ted 3 years ago.

The famous loco­mo­ti­ve in Ny Åle­sund, as it has been from the 1950s to 2015. It is cur­r­ent­ly in Nor­way for res­to­ra­ti­on.

Locomotive Ny Ålesund

-sizrce: NRK

Tem­pe­ra­tu­re in Febru­a­ry 10 degrees abo­ve average

The win­ter is taking a break this year in the Arc­tic. It is well known by now that the glo­bal average tem­pe­ra­tu­re in Febru­a­ry was well abo­ve the long-term (1950-1980) average, as much as 1.35 degrees accord­ing to NASA sci­en­tists. The tem­pe­ra­tu­re incre­a­se was espe­cial­ly pro­noun­ced in nort­hern high lati­tu­des: north Ame­ri­ca, Sibe­ria, nort­hern Scan­di­na­via. In the­se regi­ons, the mer­cu­ry clim­bed 5-10 degrees hig­her than it does in average.

Recent data from Spits­ber­gen con­firm very strong war­ming also from this area: in Febru­a­ry 2016, the tem­pe­ra­tu­re was no less than 14.5 degrees abo­ve the long-term average, a drastic value! Still, Febru­a­ry 2016 is not the race lea­der. Febru­a­ry 2014 has got this doubt­ful honour, with a dra­ma­tic 14.5 degree tem­pe­ra­tu­re rise abo­ve average.

In Sval­bard, the recent mild wea­ther threa­tens to influ­ence the ongo­ing win­ter sea­son stron­gly: the fjords do not want to free­ze, which is causing dif­fi­cul­ties for arc­tic wild­life. For examp­le, Rin­ged seals, who are giving birth on fjord ice in April and May. Without fjord ice, pregnant fema­les are not able to deli­ver, mea­ning that this year’s repro­duc­ti­ve sea­son may fail for signi­fi­cant parts of the popu­la­ti­on. This will again influ­ence polar bears, who are usual­ly having a good and important time hun­ting on fro­zen fjords in spring. This is an important fee­ding sea­son for many polar bears, inclu­ding mother bears with youngs­ters born a few mon­ths befo­re. Espe­cial­ly the­se fami­lies are stron­gly depen­dent on good hun­ting con­di­ti­ons in spring, after a fas­ting peri­od of several mon­ths around birth for the mother.

Also local and other tou­rists are not hap­py about the mild wea­ther. Last wee­kend, an incur­si­on of warm air again brought tem­pe­ra­tures abo­ve zero, making the snow thaw and melt in inland val­leys that are part of popu­lar snow mobi­le excur­si­ons. Locals have war­ned to take the popu­lar trip to Bar­ents­burg the­se days, as the­re was very litt­le snow left in Cole­s­da­len and Grøn­da­len. The mel­ted snow is now tur­ned into slip­pe­ry ice, as tem­pe­ra­tures are fal­ling below -10°C again.

At least, the fore­cast pro­mi­ses tem­pe­ra­tures to remain low for the near future, but it is not expec­ted that fjords (Tem­pel­fjord, Bill­efjord) still get a wide, strong fjord ice cover this sea­son.

Open water in Tem­pel­fjord at Fred­heim. The last time this area was fro­zen solid was in spring 2013.

Tempelfjord at Fredheim

Source: NRK, local obser­va­tions and com­mu­ni­ca­ti­on.


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